Baby, Ma Ma and DHA DHA
by John H. Maher, D.C.B.C.N., B.C.I.M. (pg. 24, 26)
1. Dobbing J., Sands J. Quantitative growth and development of human brain. Arch Dis Child. 1973;48:757-767.
2. Martinez M. Tissue levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids during early human development. J Pediatr. 1992;120(suppl):S129-S138.
3. Makrides M., Neumann M.A., Gibson R.A. Effect of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on breast milk composition. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50:352-357.
4. Otto S.J., van Houwelingen A.C., Hornstra G. The effect of supplementation with docosahexaenoic and arachidonic acid derived from single cell oils on plasma and erythrocyte fatty acids of pregnant women in the second trimester. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2000;63:323-328.
5. The Bayley Psychomotor Development Index. Jensen C.L., Voigt R.G., Prager T.C., et al. Effects of maternal docosahexaenoic acid intake on visual function and neurodevelopment in breast-fed term infants. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005;82:125-132.
6. Helland I.B., Smith L., Saarem K., et al. Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children’s IQ at 4 years of age. Pediatrics. 2003;111:e39-e44.
7. The Leiter International Performance Scales. Jensen C., Voigt R., Llorente A., et al. Effect of maternal docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on neuropsychological and visual status of former breast-fed infants at five years of age [abstract]. Pediatr Res. 2004;55(suppl 2):181A. Abstract 1021.
8. Benisek D., Shabert J., Skornik R. Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids by pregnant or lactating women in the United States [abstract]. Obstet Gynecol. 2000;95(suppl):77S-78S.
9. Koletzko B.V., Cetin I., Brenna J.T. Consensus recommendations of dietary fat intake during pregnancy and lactation [abstract]. FASEB J. 2007;21:541.17.
10.Simopoulos A.P., Leaf A., Salem N. Jr. Workshop on the essentiality of and recommended dietary intakes for omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. J Am Coll Nutr. 1999;18:487-489.
11. Keeley Drotz, R.D. Health Benefits of DHA for Infants and Children. HealthCastle.com. August 2008, http://www.healthcastle.com/children_dha_benefits.shtml.
12. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. FDA/EPA Advisory on Seafood Consumption Still Current. FDA Consumer Magazine. September-October 2006. Available at http://www.fda.gov/fdac/departs/2006/506_upd.html. Accessed October 25, 2006.
13. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition web site. Agency response letter GRAS Notice No. GRN 000041. Available at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~rdb/opa-g041.html. Accessed April 19, 2007.
14. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition web site. Agency response letter GRAS Notice No. GRN 000080. Available at http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~rdb/opa-g080.html. Accessed April 19, 2007.
Why Posture Matters (Part 2)
Inter versus Intra Examiner Reliability
by Mark R. Payne, D.C. (pg. 36-38)
1. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Colloca CJ, Betz J, Janik TJ, Holland B. Repeatability over time of posture, radiograph positioning, and radiograph line drawing: an analysis of six control groups. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Feb;26(2):87-98. Erratum in: J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2003 Mar-Apr;26(3):211.
2. Harrison DE, Harrison DD, Troyanovich SJ. Reliability of spinal displacement analysis of plain X-rays: a review of commonly accepted facts and fallacies with implications for chiropractic education and technique. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1998 May;21(4):252-66. Review.
3. Jackson BL, Harrison DD, Robertson GA, Barker WF. Chiropractic biophysics lateral cervical film analysis reliability. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1993 Jul-Aug;16(6):384-91.